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50 NOBEL ALTERNATIVOS DEMANDAN ELIMINAR ENERGÍA NUCLEAR

América Latina en Movimiento

040411

 

 

Martín Almada  RADICAL OPOSITOR A LA ENERGIA NUCLEAR, BREGA POR UNA RADICAL DEMOCRACIA EN AMERICA LATINA.

Extendemos nuestras más profundas simpatías al pueblo del Japón que ha experimentado unos devastadores sismo y tsunami seguidos por daños severos a la Estación de Energía Nuclear Fukushima Daiichi.

Encomiamos a las valientes personas que están arriesgando sus vidas para prevenir el escape de cantidades masivas de radiación de los deteriorados reactores nucleares y las agotadas piscinas de combustible en Fukushima Daiichi.

El desastre en Japón ha demostrado una vez más los límites de la capacidad humana para salvaguardar tecnologías peligrosas libres de accidentes con catastróficos resultados. Los desastres naturales combinados con el error humano han demostrado una fuerza poderosa para socavar incluso los planes mejor establecidos.

La confianza depositada en la perfección humana refleja una arrogancia que ha conducido a otros fracasos mayores de las tecnologías peligrosas en el pasado, y los ocasionará en el futuro. Lo que ha ocurrido como resultado de la confluencia del desastre natural y del error humano en Japón pudiera también ser disparado deliberadamente por medio del terrorismo o por actos bélicos.

Aparte de una destrucción accidental o deliberada, las plantas de energía nuclear suponen otras amenazas para la humanidad y para el futuro de la humanidad. Las grandes cantidades de desechos radioactivos que se crean con la generación de la energía nuclear permanecerán siendo altamente tóxicos por períodos mucho más largos que los que la humana civilización ha existido, y no existe al momento solución a largo plazo para enfrentar las amenazas que estos desechos reactivos suponen para el medio ambiente y la salud humana. Suplementariamente, las plantas de energía nuclear, con sus enormes costos sociales, han desviado recursos humanos y financieros del desarrollo de formas confiables y seguras de energía renovable.

Los programas de energía nuclear utilizan y crean materiales fisionables que pueden ser usados para hacer armas nucleares, y así generar un camino seguro a la proliferación de armas nucleares. Muchos países ya han utilizado programas nucleares civiles para generar los materiales fisibles para fabricar armas nucleares. Otros países, particularmente aquellos con facilidades para reprocesar plutonio y para el enriquecimiento de uranio, podrían fácilmente seguir el ejemplo si ellos decidieran actuar de ese modo.

La dispersión de plantas nucleares hará al mundo no solamente más peligroso, sino que hará más difícil, si no imposible, la meta de un mundo libre de armas nucleares.

 La energía nuclear no es la respuesta a los problemas de energía modernos ni una panacea para los retos del cambio climático. No se da solución a problemas creando más problemas. La energía nuclear no suma económicamente, ambientalmente o socialmente. De todas las opciones energéticas, la nuclear es la más onerosa de establecer, su desmantelamiento es prohibitivamente costoso y la carga financiera continúa largo tiempo después que la planta es cerrada.

La tragedia en Japón ha levantado la conciencia global de los peligros extremos que pueden resultar de la generación de energía nuclear. Graves como son estos peligros, sin embargo, no son tan grandes como aquellos surgidos de la posesión, amenaza y uso de armas nucleares –armas que tienen la capacidad de destruir la civilización y acabar la mayor parte de vida sobre el planeta.

La conclusión que extraemos del accidente de la planta nuclear en Japón es que la comunidad humana, actuando por sí misma y como fideicomisaria de futuras generaciones, debe ejercer globalmente un nivel de cuidado mucho más alto en enfrentar tecnologías capaces de causar aniquilación masiva, y debe terminar, abolir y reemplazar tales tecnologías con alternativas que no amenacen las generaciones presentes y futuras. Esto se aplica a las armas nucleares como también a los reactores de energía nuclear.

 

 Firmantes:

 

  • Dr. h.c. Hafsat Abiola-Costello, Member of the World Future Council, Founder of the Kudirat Initiative for Democracy (KIND) and China Africa Bridge, Nigeria.
  • Dr. Martín Almada, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2002, Founder of the Fundación Celestina Perez de Almada, Paraguay.
  • Marianne Andersson, Member of the Board and the Jury of the Right Livelihood Award Foundation, former Member of the Swedish Parliament.
  • Dr. h.c. Shawn A-in-chut Atleo, Member of the World Future Council and National Chief of the Assembly of First Nations of Canada.
  • Dr. h.c. Maude Barlow, Member of the World Future Council and Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2005, First Senior Advisor to the UN on water issues and Chairperson of the Council of Canadians.
  • Dipal Chandra Barua, Member of the World Future Council, Co-founder of the Grameen Bank, Former Managing Director of the Grameen Shakti, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2007, Founder and Chairman of the Bright Green Energy Foundation, Bangladesh.
  • Nnimmo Bassey, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2010, Executive Director of Environmental Rights Action in Nigeria and Chair of Friends of the Earth International, Nigeria.
  • Dr. Tony Clarke, Right Livelihood Laureate 2005, Founder and Director of the Polaris Institute, Canada.
  • Dr. h.c. Riane Eisler, Member of the World Future Council and President of the Centre for Partnership Studies, USA.
  • Dr. Scilla Elworthy, Member of the World Future Council, Founder of the Oxford Research Group and Peace Direct, Director of Programmes for the World Peace Partnership, UK.
  • Prof. Dr. h.c. Anwar Fazal, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1982, Director of the Right Livelihood College, Malaysia.
  • Dr. h.c. Irene Fernandez, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2005, Director of Tenaganita, Malaysia.
  • Dr. Juan E. Garcés, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1999, lawyer, former personal adviser to Salvador Allende and former adviser to the Director General of UNESCO, Spain.
  • Prof. Dr. Martin A. Green, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2002, Executive Research Director of the ARC Photovoltaics Centre of Excellence, School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of New South Wales, Australia.
  • Monika Griefahn, Co-Chair and Jury Member of the Right Livelihood Award, Member of the Board of Advisors of the World Future Council, Co-Founder of Greenpeace Germany, former Member of the German Parliament and former Minister of Environmental Affairs in Lower Saxony.
  • Cyd Ho, Member of the World Future Council and Member of Hong Kong's Legislative Council.
  • SM Mohamed Idris, Founder and President of Sahabat Alam Malaysia, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1988, Founder and President of the Consumers' Association of Penang.
  • Dr. Ashok Khosla, Member of the World Future Council, President of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Chairman of the Centre for Development Alternatives and Co-President of the Club of Rome, India.
  • Dr. h.c. Dom Erwin Kräutler, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2010, Bishop of Xingu, President of the Indigenous Missionary Council of the Catholic Church in Brazil.
  • Dr. David Krieger, Member of the World Future Council and Co-Founder and President of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, USA.
  • Dr. med. Katarina Kruhonja, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1998, Founder and Director of the Centre for Peace, Non-violence and Human Rights, Croatia.
  • Dr. Ida Kuklina, Member of the Union of Soldiers Mothers Committees of Russia Coordination Council, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1996, Member of the Council of RF President for Development Civic Society and Human Rights.
  • Prof. Dr. Alexander Likhotal, Member of the World Future Council and President of Green Cross International, Russia.
  • Dr. Rama Mani, Member of the World Future Council, Senior Research Associate at the Centre for International Studies, University of Oxford, and Director of the Global Project Responsibility to Protect: Southern Cultural Perspectives, France.
  • Prof. Dr. h.c. Manfred Max-Neef, Member of the World Future Council and Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1983, Director of the Economics Institute, Universidad Austral de Chile.
  • Prof. Dr. Wangari Maathai, Member of the World Future Council, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1984 and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 2004, Founder of the Green Belt Movement, Kenya.
  • Ledum Mitee, President of the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1994, Nigeria.
  • Prof. Dr. Raúl A. Montenegro, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2004, Professor at the National University of Cordoba, Argentina, and President of the Environment Defense Foundation FUNAM.
  • Dr. h.c. Frances Moore Lappé, Member of the World Future Council, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1987 and Founder of the Small Planet Institute, USA.
  • Helena Norberg-Hodge, Director of the International Society for Ecology and Culture and Initiator of Ladakh Ecological Development Group, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1986, UK.
  • Dr. Katiana Orluc, Member of the World Future Council, Historian, Middle East expert and Visiting Professor at Harvard University, Austria.
  • Juan Pablo Orrego, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1998, President of the Grupo de Acción por el Biobío (GABB), Chile.
  • Nicanor Perlas, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2003, Co-Founder and President of the Center for Alternative Development Initiatives, Philippines.
  • Dr. Vithal Rajan, Member of the World Future Council and of the Jury of the Right Livelihood Award, Vice-President of Oxfam India and Chairman of the Confederation of Voluntary Associations, India.
  • Dr. h.c. Fernando Rendón, Gabriel Jaime Franco and Gloria Chvatal of the International Poetry Festival of Medellín, Right Livelihood Award 2006, Colombia.
  • Joao Pedro Stedile, President of Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais sem Terra, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1991, Brazil.
  • Prof. Dr. h.c. Vandana Shiva, Member of the World Future Council and Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1993, Founder of the Research Foundation for Science, Technology and Ecology and the NAVDANYA network, India.
  • Prof. Dr. h.c. David Suzuki, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2010 and Co-Founder of the David Suzuki Foundation, Canada.
  • Prof. Dr. Hannumappa R. Sudarshan, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1994, Karuna Trust & Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra (VGKK), India.
  • Pauline Tangiora, Member of the World Future Council and Maori elder of the Rongomaiwahine Tribe, New Zealand.
  • John F. Charlewood Turner, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1988, UK.
  • Alice Tepper Marlin, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1990 and President of Social Accountability International, USA.
  • Vesna Teršeli , Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1998, Founder of Anti-War Campaign of Croatia and Director of DOCUMENTA, Croatia.
  • Shrikrishna Upadhyay, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2010 and Chairman of SAPPROS, Nepal.
  • Alyn Ware, Member of the World Future Council and Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2009, Founder and international coordinator of the Network Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament (PNND), New Zealand.
  • Prof. em. Dr. h.c. Christopher G. Weeramantry, Member of the World Future Council and Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2007, former Judge and Vice-President of the International Court of Justice; Founder, Trustee and Chairman of the Weeramantry International Centre for Peace Education and Research (WICPER) and President of the International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (IALANA), Sri Lanka.
  • Francisco Whitaker Ferreira, Member of the World Future Council and Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2006, Co-Founder of the World Social Forum, Brazil.
  • Alla Yaroshinskaya, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 1992, Journalist and former Adviser to the Russian President, former Member of Russian delegations to the United Nations for negotiating an extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) .
  • Angie Zelter, Trident Ploughshares, Right Livelihood Award Laureate 2001, UK.

 

 Abril 4, 2011



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